Radon-222 is a highly radioactive and inert gas resulting from the natural disintegration and decay of Uranium-238. It is very hard to detect as it is not only colorless and odorless but has no taste as well. Radon has a very short half-life of only 3.8 days yet it is a constant component of our atmosphere as well as the soil.
The main reason for its stable existence is its constant decay. Being radioactive in nature itself, it undergoes decay to produce what is known as radon progenies or radon daughter elements.These elements produced as a result of this chained decomposition are amongst the most threatening carcinogens i.e. cancer-causing compounds. Established the severity and serious consequences of radon exposure it is very important to be aware of Radon in home.
When radon enters the body through either the radon poisoned air or contaminated water, it gives birth to its daughter elements.These daughter elements make their way into the lungs via the blood stream. Here they are attached to the lung tissue releasing small blasts of energy while the person breathes. These causes irreversible damage to the lung tissue and make it prone to developing lung cancer.
How radon enter in homes?
The important question that arises here is that what is the cause of radon in home? The most commonly listed cause of radon poisoning in homes is the absence of good ventilation systems and crossing by air.The lack of these mentioned factors causes the air to be entrapped in the space. In this case when the naturally occurring radon in the air disintegrates to produce the daughter elements, they have no place to escape. This leads to the accumulation of radon as well as its daughter elements elevating the radon level causing radon poisoning.
Is radon pronounced to be safest or not?
Despite thorough researches and case studies have been conducted in this regard, yet the biochemists and health experts have failed to come up with a concentration of radon which can be pronounced safe or at least acceptable. But for the sake of convenience, most researchers state that if the radon in home exceeds the level of 4 picocurie per liter one must be concerned and take immediate steps to control radon poisoning. However this principle is different when radon poisoning in water is under discussion. It is regulated that 1 picocurie per liter of radon in air is equivalent to 1000 picocurie per liter of radon in water. Hence, following the above mentioned convention the normal level of radon fixation in water bodies or water reservoirs is 4000 picocurie per liter.
Preventative measures can be taken to keep a check on radon in home. These include performing diagnosis tests to identify the presence and concentration of radon periodically as well as installing radon mitigation devices in homes. Radon poisoning despite being a serious concern is not something that can be handled. If you stay proactive, keep an eye on the radon fixation in the atmosphere and water bodies and take preventive an precautionary steps on time this will never be a problem.